Take a closer look at a single census division, which would have covered between 50 and 300 households in 1901. Make it your neighbourhood and explore it block by block, street by street, or even dwelling by dwelling. Out of the city’s 505 census divisions, full information on every resident is available for 33 of them. Compare different neighbourhoods or see how the same one changed between 1881 and 1901.
The detailed information on the 33 selected census divisions was gathered in the 1990s by a team of scholars led by Danielle Gauveau and Peter Gossage. These neighbourhoods were not randomly chosen. In fact, they tend to be rather specialized or unusual, including concentrations of wealthy French Canadians, working-class Protestants, Irish-born families (were they primarily Catholic or Protestant?), or Jewish immigrants who arrived from Europe in the 1890s. Using the census division boundaries from 1901 (based on recorded addresses), the maps provide household-level information from 1881 and 1901 drawn from the same sources: Goad’s Atlas, the census, tax rolls, and city directories.
We have chosen to focus on three themes: Belonging (ethnicity), Density and Domestic Service.
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Dept. of Geography
805 Sherbrooke St. W.
Montréal, QC, H3A 0B9
Robert C.H. Sweeny
Dept. of History
St John's TN A1C 5S7